Complete lists of additives

All food additives are listed below by code number and by name

There are currently about 350 permitted food additives in Australia/New Zealand.

About 50 are most likely to cause adverse reactions. They are marked in RED with “AVOID”

Other Additives in ORANGE should be used, if at all, with caution. Very few of any of the additives listed have been adequately tested from the point of view of food intolerance so it is possible for individuals to react even if the additive is not shown in red.

Other additives are unlikely to cause food intolerance reactions. This includes anti-caking agents, bleaches, emulsifiers, mineral salts, propellants, food acids, sweeteners (but see factsheet), thickening agents, vegetable gums and vitamins.

For countries other than Australia and New Zealand, see USA where different numbers and names are used; and artificial colours around the world. Use links for medications and toothpaste that use Color Index (CI) numbers; some are shown below.

Last update March 2016 Australia New Zealand Food Standards Code Schedule 8: https://www.comlaw.gov.au/Details/F2015L00478

 

                 Food additives by code number

             Sodium hydrosulphite

Colours

100         Curcumin or turmeric, yellow (concentrated natural colours can be high in salicylates, amines or glutamates – CAUTION)

101         Riboflavin, lactoflavin, vitamin B2, Riboflavin-5′-phosphate sodium, yellow (failsafe)

102         Tartrazine, yellow #5, CI 19140, artificial AVOID

103         Alkanet or Alkannin, pink (concentrated natural colours can be high in salicylates, amines or glutamates – CAUTION)

104         Quinoline yellow, CI 47005, artificial AVOID

110         Sunset yellow FCF, yellow #6, CI 15985, artificial AVOID

120         Cochineal or carmines or carminic acid, red (from beetles, can cause true allergy – CAUTION)

122         Azorubine or Carmoisine, CI 14720, artificial AVOID      

123         Amaranth, CI 16185, artificial AVOID

124         Ponceau 4R, brilliant scarlet, CI 16255, artificial AVOID

127         Erythrosine, red #3, CI 45430, artificial AVOID

129         Allura red AC, red #40, CI 16035, artificial AVOID

132         Indigotine, indigo carmine, blue #2, CI 73015, artificial AVOID

133         Brilliant Blue FCF, blue #1, CI 42090, artificial AVOID

140         Chlorophyll (concentrated natural colours can be high in salicylates, amines or glutamates – CAUTION)

141         Chlorophyll-copper complex, sodium and potassium salts (concentrated natural colours can be high in salicylates, amines or glutamates – CAUTION)

142         Green S, acid brilliant green, CI 44090, artificial AVOID

143         Fast green FCF, green #3, CI 42053, artificial AVOID

150a       Caramel I, plain

150b      Caramel II, caustic sulphur process

150c       Caramel III, ammonia process

150d      Caramel IV, ammonia sulphite process

151         Brilliant black BN or Brilliant black PN, CI28440, artificial AVOID

153         Carbon blacks or Vegetable carbon

155         Brown HT, chocolate brown, CI 52028, artificial AVOID

160a       Carotene, beta carotene (failsafe)

160b      Annatto extracts, bixin, norbixin, CI 75120, AVOID

160c       Paprika oleoresins(concentrated natural colours can be high in salicylates, amines or glutamates – CAUTION)

160d      Lycopene (concentrated natural colours can be high in salicylates, amines or glutamates – CAUTION)

160e      b-apo-8′-Carotenal

160f       b-apo-8′-Carotenoic acid methyl or ethyl ester

161a       Flavoxanthin (concentrated natural colours can be high in salicylates, amines or glutamates – CAUTION)

161b      Lutein (concentrated natural colours can be high in salicylates, amines or glutamates – CAUTION)

161c       Kryptoxanthin (concentrated natural colours can be high in salicylates, amines or glutamates – CAUTION)

161d      Rubixanthin (concentrated natural colours can be high in salicylates, amines or glutamates – CAUTION)

161e      Violoxanthin (concentrated natural colours can be high in salicylates, amines or glutamates – CAUTION)

161f       Rhodoxanthin (concentrated natural colours can be high in salicylates, amines or glutamates – CAUTION)

162         Beet red (may contain sodium nitrate - preservative 251- up to 25 mg/kg - CAUTION)

163         Anthocyanins or Grape skin extract or Blackcurrant extract, red, blue, violet (concentrated natural colours can be high in salicylates, amines or glutamates – CAUTION)

164         Saffron or crocetin or crocin (pure colour from the saffron plant is failsafe but commercial saffron may be mixed with artificial colour 102 – CAUTION)

170         Calcium carbonate, mineral colour and calcium supplement (failsafe)

171         Titanium dioxide, mineral colour, white, CI 77891, (failsafe)

172         Iron oxide, red, black, yellow mineral colours, CI 77491, (failsafe)

173         Aluminium, mineral colour

174         Silver, mineral colour

175         Gold, mineral colour

181         Tannic acid or tannins, brown (concentrated natural colours can be high in salicylates, amines or glutamates – CAUTION)

Preservatives - sorbates (associated with the full range of food intolerance reactions)

200         Sorbic acid AVOID

201         Sodium sorbate AVOID

202         Potassium sorbate AVOID

203         Calcium sorbate AVOID

Preservatives - benzoates (associated with the full range of food intolerance reactions)

210         Benzoic acid AVOID

211         Sodium benzoate AVOID

212         Potassium benzoate AVOID

213         Calcium benzoate AVOID

216         Propylparaben or Propyl-p-hydroxy-benzoate (only permitted in food colours but watch out for them in medications - CAUTION)

218         Methylparaben or Methyl-p-hydroxy-benzoate (only permitted in food colours but watch out for them in medications - CAUTION)

Preservatives - sulphites, sulfites (associated with the full range of food intolerance reactions but particularly asthma. Not to be confused with sulphates 514-519 which are failsafe)

220         Sulphur dioxide AVOID

221         Sodium sulphite, sulfite AVOID

222         Sodium bisulphite, bisulfite AVOID

223         Sodium metabisulphite, metabisulfite, meta AVOID

224         Potassium metabisulphite, metabisulfite, meta AVOID

225         Potassium sulphite, sulfite AVOID

228         Potassium bisulphite, sulfite AVOID

234         Nisin (type of antibiotic)

235         Natamycin or pimaricin (type of antibiotic)

242         Dimethyl dicarbonate (preservative reclassified as a Processing Aid, like ozone, hydrogen peroxide, lactoperoxidase, sodium thiocyanate and octanoic acid)

243         Ethyl lauroyl arginate (antimicrobial)

Preservatives - nitrates and nitrites (also colour fixative function. Unlike many food additives, nitrates and nitrites are necessary. Used in processed meats, they prevent bacterial growth and food poisoning, but they are not failsafe and there are other health issues)

249         Potassium nitrite AVOID

250         Sodium nitrite AVOID

251         Sodium nitrate AVOID

252         Potassium nitrate AVOID

Food acids

260         Acetic acid, glacial

261         Potassium acetate or Potassium diacetate

262         Sodium acetate, Sodium diacetate

263         Calcium acetate

264         Ammonium acetate

270         Lactic acid

Preservatives - propionates (widespread in bakery products in Australia, UK and USA, rarely used in Europe. Frequently hidden as ‘cultured dextrose’ and various other ‘cultured’ ingredients)

280         Propionic acid AVOID

281         Sodium propionate AVOID

282         Calcium propionate AVOID

283         Potassium propionate AVOID

290         Carbon dioxide (propellant)

296         Malic acid (food acid)

297         Fumaric acid (food acid)

Antioxidants (Gallates and TBHQ, BHA and BHT are used to preserve vegetable oils and margarines. When vegetable oils are used in other products, these antioxidants are often unlisted because of the 5% labelling loophole. BHA and BHT can also leach into products from cereal wrappers and clingfilm. Antioxidants 300-309 are failsafe)

300         Ascorbic acid

301         Sodium ascorbate

302         Calcium ascorbate

303         Potassium ascorbate

304         Ascorbyl palmitate

307         α-Tocopherol, Vitamin E

307b      Tocopherols concentrate, mixed, Vitamin E

308         δ-Tocopherol, synthetic

309         γ-Tocopherol, synthetic

310         Propyl gallate AVOID

311         Octyl gallate AVOID

312         Dodecyl gallate AVOID

315         Erythorbic acid

316         Sodium erythorbate

319         tert-Butylhydroquinone, TBHQ AVOID

320         Butylated hydroxyanisole, BHA AVOID

321         Butylated hydroxytoluene, BHT AVOID

322         Lecithin

More food acids

325         Sodium lactate

326         Potassium lactate

327         Calcium lactate

328         Ammonium lactate

329         Magnesium lactate

330         Citric acid

331         Sodium citrate, Sodium dihydrogen citrate

332         Potassium citrate, Potassium dihydrogen citrate

333         Calcium citrate

334         Tartaric acid

335         Sodium tartrate

336         Potassium tartrate or Potassium acid tartrate

338         Phosphoric acid

Mineral salts

339         Sodium phosphate, dibasic, monobasic, tribasic

340         Potassium phosphate, dibasic , monobasic, tribasic

341         Calcium phosphate, dibasic or calcium hydrogen phosphate, monobasic or calcium dihydrogen phosphate, tribasic

342         Ammonium phosphate, dibasic, monobasic or Ammonium dihydrogen phosphates

343         Magnesium phosphate, dibasic, monobasic, tribasic

349         Ammonium malate

350         Sodium malate, Sodium hydrogen malate

351         Potassium malate

352         Calcium malate

353         Metatartaric acid

354         Calcium tartrate

355         Adipic acid

357         Potassium adipate

359         Ammonium adipates

363         Succinic acid

365         Sodium fumarate

366         Potassium fumarate

367         Calcium fumarate

368         Ammonium fumarate

380         Ammonium citrate, Triammonium citrate

381         Ferric ammonium citrate

385         Calcium disodium ethylenediaminetetraacetate or calcium disodium EDTA

Vegetable gums and thickeners (failsafe. Guar and xanthan are used extensively by coeliacs)

400         Alginic acid

401         Sodium alginate

402         Potassium alginate

403         Ammonium alginate

404         Calcium alginate

405         Propylene glycol alginate

406         Agar

407         Carrageenan

407a       Processed eucheuma seaweed

409         Arabinogalactan or larch gum

410         Locust bean gum or carob bean gum

412         Guar gum

413         Tragacanth gum

414         Acacia or gum arabic

415         Xanthan gum

416         Karaya gum

417         Tara gum

418         Gellan gum

Humectants also used as sweeteners (excess consumption may have a laxative effect)

420         Sorbitol or sorbitol syrup (excess consumption may have a laxative effect)

421         Mannitol (excess consumption may have a laxative effect)

422         Glycerin or glycerol

Emulsifiers

431         Polyoxyethylene (40) stearate

433         Polysorbate 80 or Polyoxyethylene (20) sorbitan monooleate

435         Polysorbate 60 or Polyoxyethylene (20) sorbitan monostearate

436         Polysorbate 65 or Polyoxyethylene (20) sorbitan tristearate

440         Pectin (failsafe gelling agent)

442         Ammonium salts of phosphatidic acid

444         Sucrose acetate isobutyrate

445         Glycerol esters of wood rosins

More mineral salts

450         Pyrophosphates, Potassium pyrophosphate, Sodium acid pyrophosphate, Sodium pyrophosphate

451         Triphosphates, Potassium tripolyphosphate, Sodium tripolyphosphate

452         Polyphosphates, Potassium polymetaphosphate, Sodium metaphosphate, insoluble, Sodium polyphosphates, glassy

Thickeners

455         Yeast mannoproteins

460         Cellulose microcrystalline (anti-caking agent)

460         Cellulose, powdered (anti-caking agent)

461         Methyl cellulose

463         Hydroxypropyl cellulose

464         Hydroxypropyl methylcellulose

465         Methyl ethyl cellulose

466         Sodium carboxymethylcellulose

Emulsifiers

470         Fatty acid salts of aluminium, ammonia, calcium, magnesium, potassium and sodium

471         Mono- and di-glycerides of fatty acids

472a       Acetic and fatty acid esters of glycerol

472b      Lactic and fatty acid esters of glycerol

472c       Citric and fatty acid esters of glycerol

472e      Diacetyltartaric and fatty acid esters of glycerol

472f       Mixed tartaric, acetic and fatty acid esters of glycerol or tartaric, acetic and fatty acid esters of glycerol (mixed)

473         Sucrose esters of fatty acids

475         Polyglycerol esters of fatty acids

476         Polyglycerol esters of interesterified ricinoleic acid

477         Propylene glycol mono- and di-esters or Propylene glycol esters of fatty acids

480         Dioctyl sodium sulphosuccinate

481         Sodium lactylate, oleyl lactylate, stearoyl lactylate

482         Calcium lactylate, oleyl lactylate, stearoyl lactylate

491         Sorbitan monostearate

492         Sorbitan tristearate

Mineral salts (often used as anti-caking agents too)

500         Sodium bicarbonate, Sodium carbonate

501         Potassium bicarbonate, Potassium carbonate

503         Ammonium carbonate, Ammonium hydrogen carbonate

504         Magnesium carbonate

507         Hydrochloric acid

508         Potassium chloride

509         Calcium chloride

510         Ammonium chloride

511         Magnesium chloride

512         Stannous chloride

514         Sodium sulphate

515         Potassium sulphate

516         Calcium sulphate

518         Magnesium sulphate

519         Cupric sulphate

526         Calcium hydroxide

529         Calcium oxide

530         Magnesium oxide

535         Sodium ferrocyanide

536         Potassium ferrocyanide

541         Sodium aluminium phosphate

542         Bone phosphate

551         Silicon dioxide, amorphous

552         Calcium silicate

553         Magnesium silicate or Talc

554         Sodium aluminosilicate

555         Potassium aluminium silicate

556         Calcium aluminium silicate

558         Bentonite

559         Aluminium silicate

560         Potassium silicate

570         Stearic acid or fatty acid

575         Glucono δ-lactone or Glucono delta-lactone

576         Sodium gluconate

577         Potassium gluconate

578         Calcium gluconate

579         Ferrous gluconate

580         Magnesium gluconate

586         4-hexylresorcinol

Flavour enhancers, glutamates and glutamate boosters (frequently hidden as yeast extract, hydrolysed vegetable protein HVP or hydrolysed plant protein HPP, see 129 ways food manufacturers avoid declaring these additives)

620         L-glutamic acid AVOID

621         Monosodium L-glutamate or MSG AVOID

622         Monopotassium L-glutamate AVOID

623         Calcium glutamate AVOID

624         Monoammonium L-glutamate AVOID

625         Magnesium glutamate AVOID

627         Disodium-5′-guanylate AVOID

631         Disodium-5′-inosinate AVOID

635         Disodium-5′-ribonucleotides AVOID

636         Maltol

637         Ethyl maltol

640         Glycine

641         L-Leucine

Miscellaneous additives

900a       Polydimethylsiloxane or Dimethylpolysiloxane (emulsifier, antifoaming agent, anti- caking agent)

901         Beeswax, white and yellow (glazing agent)

903         Carnauba wax (glazing agent)

904         Shellac (glazing agent)

905a      Mineral oil, white (reclassified as a Processing Aid)

905b      Petrolatum or petroleum jelly (glazing agent)

914         Oxidised polyethylene (humectant)

920         L-cysteine monohydrochloride

925         Chlorine (reclassified as a Processing Aid, flour treatment agent)

926         Chlorine dioxide (reclassified as a Processing Aid, flour treatment agent)

928         Benzoyl peroxide (reclassified as a Processing Aid, flour treatment agent)

Propellants

941         Nitrogen

942         Nitrous oxide

943a       Butane

943b      Isobutane

944         Propane

946         Octafluorocyclobutane

Artificial sweeteners (the safety of these is not adequately proven. Used in ‘diet’, ‘lite’ and ‘no added sugar’ products they may increase appetite and lead to addiction. Artificial sweeteners in general are unnecessary, artificial and not recommended. Sugar is a natural alternative)

950         Acesulphame potassium CAUTION

951         Aspartame, Nutrasweet, Equal CAUTION

952         Cyclamate or calcium cyclamate or sodium cyclamate CAUTION

953         Isomalt (excess consumption may have a laxative effect)

954         Saccharin CAUTION

955         Sucralose CAUTION

956         Alitame CAUTION

957         Thaumatin

960         Steviol glycosides

961         Neotame CAUTION

962         Aspartame-acesulphame salt CAUTION

965         Maltitol and maltitol syrup or hydrogenated glucose syrup (excess consumption may have a laxative effect)

966         Lactitol (excess consumption may have a laxative effect)

967         Xylitol (excess consumption may have a laxative effect)

968         Erythritol (excess consumption may have a laxative effect)

969         Advantame CAUTION

Foaming agents

999(i)    Quillaia extract (type 1) CAUTION

999(ii)   Quillaia extract (type 2) CAUTION

Additional chemicals

1001       Choline salts

1100       α-Amylase

1101       Proteases (papain, bromelain, ficin)

1102       Glucose oxidase

1104       Lipases

1105       Lysozyme

1200       Polydextrose (excess consumption may have a laxative effect)

1201       Polyvinylpyrrolidone

1400       Dextrin roasted starch

1401       Acid treated starch

1402       Alkaline treated starch

1403       Bleached starch

1404       Oxidised starch

1405       Enzyme treated starches

1410       Monostarch phosphate

1412       Distarch phosphate

1413       Phosphated distarch phosphate

1414       Acetylated distarch phosphate

1420       Starch acetate

1422       Acetylated distarch adipate

1440       Hydroxypropyl starch

1442       Hydroxypropyl distarch phosphate

1450       Starch sodium octenylsuccinate

1451       Acetylated oxidised starch

1505       Triethyl citrate

1518       Triacetin

1520       Propylene glycol

1521       Polyethylene glycol 8000

1522       Calcium lignosulphonate (40-65)

 

 

                 Food additives by name

586

4-hexylresorcinol

414

Acacia or gum arabic

950

Acesulphame potassium CAUTION

260

Acetic acid, glacial

472a

Acetic and fatty acid esters of glycerol

1422

Acetylated distarch adipate

1414

Acetylated distarch phosphate

1451

Acetylated oxidised starch

1401

Acid treated starch

355

Adipic acid

969

Advantame CAUTION

406

Agar

400

Alginic acid

956

Alitame CAUTION

1402

Alkaline treated starch

103

Alkanet or Alkannin, pink (concentrated natural colours can be high in salicylates, amines or glutamates – CAUTION)

129

Allura red AC, artificial AVOID

559

Aluminium silicate

173

Aluminium, mineral colour

123

Amaranth, artificial AVOID

264

Ammonium acetate

359

Ammonium adipates

403

Ammonium alginate

503

Ammonium carbonate, Ammonium hydrogen carbonate

510

Ammonium chloride

380

Ammonium citrate, Triammonium citrate

368

Ammonium fumarate

328

Ammonium lactate

349

Ammonium malate

342

Ammonium phosphate, dibasic, monobasic or Ammonium dihydrogen phosphates

442

Ammonium salts of phosphatidic acid

160b

Annatto extracts, bixin, norbixin AVOID

163

Anthocyanins or Grape skin extract or Blackcurrant extract, red, blue, violet (concentrated natural colours can be high in salicylates, amines or glutamates – CAUTION)

409

Arabinogalactan or larch gum

300

Ascorbic acid

304

Ascorbyl palmitate

951

Aspartame, Nutrasweet, Equal CAUTION

962

Aspartame-acesulphame salt CAUTION

122

Azorubine or Carmoisine, artificial AVOID

160e

b-apo-8′-Carotenal

160f

b-apo-8′-Carotenoic acid methyl or ethyl ester

901

Beeswax, white and yellow (glazing agent)

162

Beet red (may contain sodium nitrate - preservative 251- up to 25 mg/kg - CAUTION)

558

Bentonite

210

Benzoic acid AVOID

928

Benzoyl peroxide (reclassified as a Processing Aid, flour treatment agent)

1403

Bleached starch

542

Bone phosphate

151

Brilliant black BN or Brilliant black PN, artificial AVOID

133

Brilliant Blue FCF, artificial AVOID

155

Brown HT, chocolate brown, artificial AVOID

943a

Butane

320

Butylated hydroxyanisole, BHA AVOID

321

Butylated hydroxytoluene, BHT AVOID

263

Calcium acetate

404

Calcium alginate

556

Calcium aluminium silicate

302

Calcium ascorbate

213

Calcium benzoate AVOID

170

Calcium carbonate, mineral colour and calcium supplement (failsafe)

509

Calcium chloride

333

Calcium citrate

385

Calcium disodium ethylenediaminetetraacetate or calcium disodium EDTA

367

Calcium fumarate

578

Calcium gluconate

623

Calcium glutamate AVOID

526

Calcium hydroxide

327

Calcium lactate

482

Calcium lactylate, oleyl lactylate, stearoyl lactylate

1522

Calcium lignosulphonate (40-65)

352

Calcium malate

529

Calcium oxide

341

Calcium phosphate, dibasic or calcium hydrogen phosphate, monobasic or calcium dihydrogen phosphate, tribasic

282

Calcium propionate AVOID

552

Calcium silicate

203

Calcium sorbate AVOID

516

Calcium sulphate

354

Calcium tartrate

150a

Caramel I, plain

150b

Caramel II, caustic sulphur process

150c

Caramel III, ammonia process

150d

Caramel IV, ammonia sulphite process

153

Carbon blacks or Vegetable carbon

290

Carbon dioxide (propellant)

903

Carnauba wax (glazing agent)

160a

Carotene, beta carotene (failsafe)

407

Carrageenan

460

Cellulose microcrystalline (anti-caking agent)

460

Cellulose, powdered (anti-caking agent)

925

Chlorine (reclassified as a Processing Aid, flour treatment agent)

926

Chlorine dioxide (reclassified as a Processing Aid, flour treatment agent)

140

Chlorophyll (concentrated natural colours can be high in salicylates, amines or glutamates – CAUTION)

141

Chlorophyll-copper complex, sodium and potassium salts (concentrated natural colours can be high in salicylates, amines or glutamates – CAUTION)

1001

Choline salts

330

Citric acid

472c

Citric and fatty acid esters of glycerol

120

Cochineal or carmines or carminic acid, red (from beetles, can cause true allergy – CAUTION)

519

Cupric sulphate

100

Curcumin or turmeric, yellow (concentrated natural colours can be high in salicylates, amines or glutamates – CAUTION)

952

Cyclamate or calcium cyclamate or sodium cyclamate CAUTION

1400

Dextrin roasted starch

472e

Diacetyltartaric and fatty acid esters of glycerol

242

Dimethyl dicarbonate (preservative reclassified as a Processing Aid, like ozone, hydrogen peroxide, lactoperoxidase, sodium thiocyanate and octanoic acid)

480

Dioctyl sodium sulphosuccinate

627

Disodium-5′-guanylate AVOID

631

Disodium-5′-inosinate AVOID

635

Disodium-5′-ribonucleotides AVOID

1412

Distarch phosphate

312

Dodecyl gallate AVOID

1405

Enzyme treated starches

315

Erythorbic acid

968

Erythritol (excess consumption may have a laxative effect)

127

Erythrosine, artificial AVOID

243

Ethyl lauroyl arginate (antimicrobial)

637

Ethyl maltol

143

Fast green FCF, artificial AVOID

470

Fatty acid salts of aluminium, ammonia, calcium, magnesium, potassium and sodium

381

Ferric ammonium citrate

579

Ferrous gluconate

161a

Flavoxanthin (concentrated natural colours can be high in salicylates, amines or glutamates – CAUTION)

297

Fumaric acid (food acid)

418

Gellan gum

575

Glucono δ-lactone or Glucono delta-lactone

1102

Glucose oxidase

422

Glycerin or glycerol

445

Glycerol esters of wood rosins

640

Glycine

175

Gold, mineral colour

142

Green S, acid brilliant green, artificial AVOID

412

Guar gum

507

Hydrochloric acid

463

Hydroxypropyl cellulose

1442

Hydroxypropyl distarch phosphate

464

Hydroxypropyl methylcellulose

1440

Hydroxypropyl starch

132

Indigotine, indigo carmine, artificial AVOID

172

Iron oxide, red, black, yellow mineral colours (failsafe)

943b

Isobutane

953

Isomalt (excess consumption may have a laxative effect)

416

Karaya gum

161c

Kryptoxanthin (concentrated natural colours can be high in salicylates, amines or glutamates – CAUTION)

270

Lactic acid

472b

Lactic and fatty acid esters of glycerol

966

Lactitol (excess consumption may have a laxative effect)

920

L-cysteine monohydrochloride

322

Lecithin

620

L-glutamic acid AVOID

1104

Lipases

641

L-Leucine

410

Locust bean gum or carob bean gum

161b

Lutein (concentrated natural colours can be high in salicylates, amines or glutamates – CAUTION)

160d

Lycopene (concentrated natural colours can be high in salicylates, amines or glutamates – CAUTION)

1105

Lysozyme

504

Magnesium carbonate

511

Magnesium chloride

580

Magnesium gluconate

625

Magnesium glutamate AVOID

329

Magnesium lactate

530

Magnesium oxide

343

Magnesium phosphate, dibasic, monobasic, tribasic

553

Magnesium silicate or Talc

518

Magnesium sulphate

296

Malic acid (food acid)

965

Maltitol and maltitol syrup or hydrogenated glucose syrup (excess consumption may have a laxative effect)

636

Maltol

421

Mannitol (excess consumption may have a laxative effect)

353

Metatartaric acid

461

Methyl cellulose

465

Methyl ethyl cellulose

218

Methylparaben or Methyl-p-hydroxy-benzoate (only permitted in food colours but watch out for them in medications - CAUTION)

905a

Mineral oil, white (reclassified as a Processing Aid)

472f

Mixed tartaric, acetic and fatty acid esters of glycerol or tartaric, acetic and fatty acid esters of glycerol (mixed)

471

Mono- and di-glycerides of fatty acids

624

Monoammonium L-glutamate AVOID

622

Monopotassium L-glutamate AVOID

621

Monosodium L-glutamate or MSG AVOID

1410

Monostarch phosphate

235

Natamycin or pimaricin (type of antibiotic)

961

Neotame CAUTION

234

Nisin (type of antibiotic)

941

Nitrogen

942

Nitrous oxide

946

Octafluorocyclobutane

311

Octyl gallate AVOID

914

Oxidised polyethylene (humectant)

1404

Oxidised starch

160c

Paprika oleoresins(concentrated natural colours can be high in salicylates, amines or glutamates – CAUTION)

440

Pectin (failsafe gelling agent)

905b

Petrolatum or petroleum jelly (glazing agent)

1413

Phosphated distarch phosphate

338

Phosphoric acid

1200

Polydextrose (excess consumption may have a laxative effect)

900a

Polydimethylsiloxane or Dimethylpolysiloxane (emulsifier, antifoaming agent, anti- caking agent)

1521

Polyethylene glycol 8000

475

Polyglycerol esters of fatty acids

476

Polyglycerol esters of interesterified ricinoleic acid

431

Polyoxyethylene (40) stearate

452

Polyphosphates, Potassium polymetaphosphate, Sodium metaphosphate, insoluble, Sodium polyphosphates, glassy

435

Polysorbate 60 or Polyoxyethylene (20) sorbitan monostearate

436

Polysorbate 65 or Polyoxyethylene (20) sorbitan tristearate

433

Polysorbate 80 or Polyoxyethylene (20) sorbitan monooleate

1201

Polyvinylpyrrolidone

124

Ponceau 4R, brilliant scarlet, artificial AVOID

261

Potassium acetate or Potassium diacetate

357

Potassium adipate

402

Potassium alginate

555

Potassium aluminium silicate

303

Potassium ascorbate

212

Potassium benzoate AVOID

501

Potassium bicarbonate, Potassium carbonate

228

Potassium bisulphite, sulfite AVOID

508

Potassium chloride

332

Potassium citrate, Potassium dihydrogen citrate

536

Potassium ferrocyanide

366

Potassium fumarate

577

Potassium gluconate

326

Potassium lactate

351

Potassium malate

224

Potassium metabisulphite, metabisulfite, meta AVOID

252

Potassium nitrate AVOID

249

Potassium nitrite AVOID

340

Potassium phosphate, dibasic , monobasic, tribasic

283

Potassium propionate AVOID

560

Potassium silicate

202

Potassium sorbate AVOID

515

Potassium sulphate

225

Potassium sulphite, sulfite AVOID

336

Potassium tartrate or Potassium acid tartrate

407a

Processed eucheuma seaweed

944

Propane

280

Propionic acid AVOID

310

Propyl gallate AVOID

1520

Propylene glycol

405

Propylene glycol alginate

477

Propylene glycol mono- and di-esters or Propylene glycol esters of fatty acids

216

Propylparaben or Propyl-p-hydroxy-benzoate (only permitted in food colours but watch out for them in medications - CAUTION)

1101

Proteases (papain, bromelain, ficin)

450

Pyrophosphates, Potassium pyrophosphate, Sodium acid pyrophosphate, Sodium pyrophosphate

999(i)

Quillaia extract (type 1) CAUTION

999(ii)

Quillaia extract (type 2) CAUTION

104

Quinoline yellow, artificial AVOID

161f

Rhodoxanthin (concentrated natural colours can be high in salicylates, amines or glutamates – CAUTION)

101

Riboflavin, lactoflavin, vitamin B2, Riboflavin-5′-phosphate sodium, yellow (failsafe)

161d

Rubixanthin (concentrated natural colours can be high in salicylates, amines or glutamates – CAUTION)

954

Saccharin CAUTION

164

Saffron or crocetin or crocin (pure colour from the saffron plant is failsafe but commercial saffron may be mixed with artificial colour 102 – CAUTION)

904

Shellac (glazing agent)

551

Silicon dioxide, amorphous

174

Silver, mineral colour

262

Sodium acetate, Sodium diacetate

401

Sodium alginate

541

Sodium aluminium phosphate

554

Sodium aluminosilicate

301

Sodium ascorbate

211

Sodium benzoate AVOID

500

Sodium bicarbonate, Sodium carbonate

222

Sodium bisulphite, bisulfite AVOID

466

Sodium carboxymethylcellulose

331

Sodium citrate, Sodium dihydrogen citrate

316

Sodium erythorbate

535

Sodium ferrocyanide

365

Sodium fumarate

576

Sodium gluconate

Sodium hydrosulphite

325

Sodium lactate

481

Sodium lactylate, oleyl lactylate, stearoyl lactylate

350

Sodium malate, Sodium hydrogen malate

223

Sodium metabisulphite, metabisulfite, meta AVOID

251

Sodium nitrate AVOID

250

Sodium nitrite AVOID

339

Sodium phosphate, dibasic, monobasic, tribasic

281

Sodium propionate AVOID

201

Sodium sorbate AVOID

514

Sodium sulphate

221

Sodium sulphite, sulfite AVOID

335

Sodium tartrate

200

Sorbic acid AVOID

491

Sorbitan monostearate

492

Sorbitan tristearate

420

Sorbitol or sorbitol syrup (excess consumption may have a laxative effect)

512

Stannous chloride

1420

Starch acetate

1450

Starch sodium octenylsuccinate

570

Stearic acid or fatty acid

960

Steviol glycosides

363

Succinic acid

955

Sucralose CAUTION

444

Sucrose acetate isobutyrate

473

Sucrose esters of fatty acids

220

Sulphur dioxide AVOID

110

Sunset yellow FCF, artificial AVOID

181

Tannic acid or tannins, brown (concentrated natural colours can be high in salicylates, amines or glutamates – CAUTION)

417

Tara gum

334

Tartaric acid

102

Tartrazine, yellow #5, artificial AVOID

319

tert-Butylhydroquinone, TBHQ AVOID

957

Thaumatin

171

Titanium dioxide, mineral colour, white (failsafe)

307b

Tocopherols concentrate, mixed, Vitamin E

413

Tragacanth gum

1518

Triacetin

1505

Triethyl citrate

451

Triphosphates, Potassium tripolyphosphate, Sodium tripolyphosphate

161e

Violoxanthin (concentrated natural colours can be high in salicylates, amines or glutamates – CAUTION)

415

Xanthan gum

967

Xylitol (excess consumption may have a laxative effect)

455

Yeast mannoproteins

1100

α-Amylase

307

α-Tocopherol, Vitamin E

309

γ-Tocopherol, synthetic

308

δ-Tocopherol, synthetic

 Date of last update: 1 March 2016